Although India’s economic growth has been notable in the last 20 years the country still faces stagnant agricultural growth, rising regional and sub-regional inequality, unemployment, and inadequate access to public services for the poor.
The semi-arid regions of India face a dynamic climatic and non-climatic risk profile. These risks, separately and in interaction, make people and systems living in these regions highly vulnerable. These key vulnerabilities and risks are deeply embedded within the existing social and biophysical conditions of people and socio-ecological systems, and serve as critical barriers to effective, widespread and sustained adaptation.
It is therefore essential to understand how to enhance the ability of communities, local organisations and governments in India to adapt to climate change in a way that minimises vulnerability and promotes long-term resilience.